- 发布时间：2016年01月04日 浏览次数： 9693 次
近年来，由于各省的高考英语改革在深入的进行，海南省也加入了高考英语改革的行列，从2014年起，不再考单项选择题，而该考语法填空题。 就是把原先15题单项选择题，改成了高考改错题，分值不变，数量有变化，单项选择题由15题改成10题语法填空题，其中包括不给词3题，给题7题，其中就含有考核宾语从句的引导词为不给词的内容， 因此完全掌握定语从句的引导词变得非常的重要，为了让学生更加容易掌握定语从句的引导词，特写此论文。
①Is this the factory which ／that makes clothes ？
②The woman who ／that visited our school is from America．
①Gone is the days which ／that we spent together in the village．
②He is the boy whom ／that I think to be worthy of our praise．
①The day finally came when ／on which I was given a job．
②We'll put off the outing until next week，when we won't be so busy．
Put the letter on the desk where／on which he can easily find it．
(5)从句中缺原因状语或先行词是 reason时，引导词用why /for which 。如：
This is the reason why ／for which he didn't come to the meeting．
(6)从句中缺定语，人和物都用 whose引导。当定语 如：
①A boy whose parents are dead is called an orphan．
②Please pass me the book whose cover is black．
(7)当先行词是way时，其定语从句的引导词用in which ／that。如：
The way in which ／that he looks at problems is wrong．
A. This is the first job that I have taken up.
B. This is the most interesting novel that I have ever read.
②先行词是不定代词,something somebody nothing anything all little much 时，
There is nothing that I want to tell you.
③先行词被all/ any/ every/ each/ few /little/ no/ some/ much/ only/ none/
both/ either/ neither 等修饰时， 如：I have read all the books that you lent me.
④先行词被the only, the last, the very…修饰时, 如：Hers is the only method we can use.
They talked about things and persons that they know in the school.
Who is the old man that speak to you just now ?
Bamboo is hollow, which makes it light.竹子是空心的，这使得他很轻。
This is the room in which I once lived.这就是我曾经住过的地方。
Let me show you the novel that I borrowed from the library which was newly open to us.我来给你看我从新开的图书馆里借来的那本小说。
Here is the English sentences which, as I have told you, will help improve your English.这就是我跟你说过的会有助于你学好英语的英语句子。
The clock is that which can tell us the time.钟是报时的装置。
①先行词为one, ones, anyone, those指代人时。如：
The person I want to learn from is one who studies hard and works well.我最羡慕的是学习勤奋，工作出色的人。
There’s a gentleman who wants to see you.有位先生想见你。
I met a foreigner in the park yesterday afternoon
who could speak Chinese very well.
The student that was praised at yesterday’s meeting is the monitor who is very modest and works very hard.受到校长表扬的学生是位谦虚好学的班长。
例如： ① I don't believe the reason ______ you give me.
② I don't know the reason ________ he is late.
分析：例1定语从句是______ you give me， give 为及物动词，缺宾语，所以要填关系代词that/which/省略；
例2定语从句为________ he is late，从句完整，填关系副词why.
掌握一个句型：the reason why~~~~ is that~~~~~
例如：The reason why he is late is that he got up late.
因为why he is late是定语从句， that he got up late是表语从句。
A．在固定词组the same．．．as，such．．．as中 如：
①She is not such a fool as she looks．
②I've bought the same cap as he is wearing．
B．当先行词是整个主句时，可用 as ／which引导非限制性定语从句。
as often happens，as is often the case（常有的事）等句子中；
(A). As is well known，Shanghai is a big city．
(B). Allroads were flooded，which made our journey more difficult．
(6) one of引导词结构:
在“one of＋复数名词＋定语从句”结构中，从句的谓语动词应与复数名词保持一致；当one前有the only修饰时，从句的谓语动词应与the only one保持一致。如： ①He was one of the students who were late for class．
②He was the only one of the students who was late for class．
(7)引导词前有介词或短语介词时，修饰人只能用 whom，修饰物只能用which引导。如：① My glasses，without which I was like a blind man，fell and broke．
②The man，by whom the wolf was shot，is called Jay Han.
Nick’s guests, Who had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply if they could. Nick replied, “The only reason a man would sell salt
Of course whenever they turned to look at him, they had to look at Mary, which made her feel like a star .
Behind him were other people to whom he was trying to talk, but after some minutes, they walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed.
He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder who had been his teacher.
Jane paused in front of a counter where some attractive ties were on display.
Cursing my misfortune, I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to who should have the honor of receiving me.
Having tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge between lunch and dinner, that might not be served until 8 o’clock at night. (that 要改为which,非限定性定语从句不能用that)
1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace.
A. Which B. where C. what D. in which
2.Do you know the man_____? A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke
3.This is the hotel _______last month. A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed
C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed
4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?
A. which B. that C. when D. on which
5.That is the day ______I'll never forget. A. which B. on which C. in which D. when
6.The factory _____we'll visit next week is not far from here.
A. where B. to which C. which D. in which
7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working.
A. where B. that C. which D. there
8.This is one of the best films_______. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown
C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked
9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day?
A. about which you talked B. which you talked C. about that you talked D. that you talked
10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which